Polonnaruwa ruin city is deservedly on UNESCO’s World Heritage List. The city became the capital in 1070, after Anuradhapura. In the late 12th century, the far-sighted king, Parākramabāhu, realised that water was essential to life. He initiated the construction of a comprehensive and ingenious irrigation system, ensuring that the fields and land could always get water, and no rainwater would ever go to waste. Trade and agriculture flourished, and the city grew. In 1284, the capital moved again – this time to Dambadeniya – and Polonnaruwa’s mighty buildings were quickly swallowed up by the jungle. The major attractions of the city today include the large artificial lake, the old irrigation canals and the many ruins scattered around the area.
Duration: Approx. 5-6 hours
The excursion must be booked in advance.
|Per person: £27|